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Monday, February 26, 2018

Kawangkoan Javanese Cave

Publish 13-01-2012 14:53:40 by Admin
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A. Overview

Kawangkoan Japanese Cave or also known as Kiawa Javanese Cave is an historic heritage of Javanese colonialism occupied in Minahasa, North Sulawesi. The cave was built during Javanese occupation of Indonesia in World War II, precisely in 1943, to take about one year until it finished in 1944.

The purposes to build the cave among others were used as defense, food storage, warehouses, and place of communication and consolidation activities during the war. This cave is featured with the passageways connecting with multiple locations in Kiawa village and designed in such measures adjusted to the Japanese customs. At the past time, the door of the passageways was always guarded by Japanese soldiers when the Japanese army gathered to hold a meeting on the cave.

The passageways connect up to several strategic places around the village area. The strategic places include the western village that is found a place to store supplies, or so-called "los" led by Nagau-ito. In the northern village is found as a place to store the oil and military vehicles led by Iwamoto-Ka Tosoi. In addition, in the eastern village is found a place to store weapons and ammunition led by Madjidju Ki Harada.

Kawangkoan Japanese Cave was made by forced laborers (Romusha) of Minahasa and surrounding areas. This four-entrance cave was used during the last round of the World War II until the allies landed and the Japanese surrendered in 1945.

B. Features

Kawangkoan Japanese Cave is an historic heritage of the Japanese occupation of Indonesia built in 1943. The cave more or less has a key link connecting between the other Japanese caves in Minahasa. These linkages can be developed by restoring the cave into an interesting attraction attracts more tourists either local or foreign to come.

The caves connected to each other by those passageways can be an attractive location of caving. In addition, visitors who do caving can also feel the sensation to life inside the basement, which is really dark, damp, and narrow like the lives of Japanese soldiers during the war.

The Japan's historical legacies such as the Kawangkoan Cave in Minahasa stores a history associated with the Minahasa district now. One of these records lies in the struggle of the Minahasa people who sacrificed their energy, thoughts, even their lives to built and develop the cave. Therefore, by knowing or even researching this cave, we can much learn and find about the history of Minahasa district in particular and about the North Sulawesi province in general.

C. Location

Kawangkoan Japanese Cave is located at the edge of the highway of Tomohon-Minahasa, Kiawa, Kawangkoan, Minahasa, North Sulawesi, or located on the provincial road between Kiawa village and Kawangkoan, about 45 Km from Manado.

D. Access

The Kawangkoan Japanese Cave location can be accessed by public transports or private vehicles easily. The trip begins from Manado city through provincial highway of Tomohon–Minahasa, of approximately 45 Km. The paved smooth road added with the cave location precisely located right on the highway makes the access to the cave becomes easy.

E. Ticket prices

Visitors who want to enter Kawangkoan Japanese Cave are free of charge.

F. Accommodation and other facilities

Kawangkoan Japanese Cave seems get a less concern from the local government of Minahasa. It can be seen from the cave that are not well maintained and the supporting facilities that are not available yet. Visitors who want to visit the cave are recommended to bring their supplies, flashlight or other electrical lighting tool. As mentioned above, the cave is darks and there is no electricity yet.

Visitors can also find another cave located around 500 m from the Kawangkoan Japanese Cave called the Cave of 100 Rooms (Indonesian: Gua Seribu Kamar). To reach this cave, visitors must walk through the path to the location that can only be reached by foot. (Tunggul Tauladan)



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