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Wednesday, November 22, 2017

Maengket Dance

Publish 13-01-2012 15:04:13 by Admin
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A. Overview

Maengket is a traditional dance from Minahasa, North Sulawesi, Indonesia. At first, this typical dance was included as one of sacred dances that have high religious values lay in the expression of gratitude to Empung Walian Wangko (God Almighty) in the form of singing when the harvest arrives.

Maengket dance is performed in pairs of male and female to reach at least eight pairs. While dancing, they are also singing under the accompaniment of drum, kolintang (momongan), tetengkoren (tuked), and gong. The group of Maengket dancers is led by one leader called kapel.

On later development, the dance was not performed at harvest only, but also in various performing arts events, both festivals of dance and other cultural ceremonies. In addition to the staging, the dance was also developed on its movements, from an initially very simple, now changed to be more complex and interesting. However, these developments still do not abandon the original form of Maengket dance movements passed down from generation to the next generation.

Maengket dance has been referred to be one of the prides of Minahasa culture since the local population knew the farm. Although the range of dance movements has been growing at the present, but it still follows the original grip that is composed from three parts, which are Maowey Kamberu, Marambak, and Lalayaan.

Maowey Kamberu is one of the rounds in the dance performance symbolizes thanksgiving to God for the abundant crops, especially rice. Marambak is another round that symbolizes the spirit of cooperation, such as working together to build a house. Once the house was built, a ceremony of ascending new house called “rumambak” is then held. This ceremony is purposed to examine the strength of the new house building as well as thanksgiving. When the ceremony takes place, all residents will be invited to join in the procession. Lalayan is the last round of Maengket dance performance that symbolizes the efforts of young people looking his/her mate. Therefore, Maengket dance is also known as a social dance of young people in the past time.

B. Features

Together with Masamper Art, Maengket dance is also included as one of the traditional arts that hardly can be found now, even it was popular in the past years between 1960-1970's proven by the frequent dance played in the surrounding villages around Minahasa. Maengket dance even has inspired the legendary Indonesian pop-rock group, Koes Plus, to create a song "Mak Engket". This Yok Koeswoyo’s song appeared in the album Malay Pop Volume 2 in 1974.

Considering the dance began to be faded, the parties concerned with the arts finally initiated to stage Maengket dance performance in mass. The idea was then able to gather about 20 to 40 dancers from each village to collect the six thousand dancers. Staging in 2007, the event actually broke the record of Indonesian Record Museum (Indonesian: Museum Rekor Indonesia, or abbreviated as MURI) categorized as a mass dance with the largest number of participants. This event was also recorded to break the record of previous event held by two thousand dancers who performed a mass dance in Central Java. This event also managed to attract tourists to visit the North Sulawesi to see Maengket dance performance in colossal.

The clothes worn by Maengket dancers are also very attractive or even deserve to be contested. Moreover, the movements, the spirit, and the symbolizing wisdom and culture brought in the dance performance become its typical values, which are so interesting to be watched even by ordinary people or students for research. The dance development with rich of movements now becomes the cultural richness of Minahasa, which deserves to be maintained and preserved for tourism sake.

C. Location

Different with the previous years in 1960-1970's which Mengket dance was so often appeared in the villages of Minahasa district, the dance is now performed in certain events only, such as in the arts festival. The arts festival is usually held in the centers of the crowd, such as field or square town. Considering the Minahasa culture has spread in many regions, the places to hold Maengket dance performance are not only limited in Minahasa only, but also in many other places, such as the Field KONI, Sario, Manado city, and Mega Trade Center (MTC) in Manado. In addition to these places, you can also visit the centers of art and culture preservation of Minahasa, one of which is North Sulawesi Cultural Arts Institute at Jl. Pinawetengan, Tompaso Horse Racing Complex, Talikuran, Minahasa, and North Sulawesi.

D. Access

Visitors who want to watch the Maengket dance performance can find the information about the time of the festival first. If the dance is implemented in public places and city centers, such as in the Field KONI or MTC Manado, visitors can go directly to the site.

Visitors who want to watch the dancers practicing directly can go to the Art Institute of Culture of North Sulawesi. To reach the location, visitors can begin the journey from Manado to the location in Tompaso sub-district to take about 1.5 hours.

E. Ticket prices

Visitors who watch the Maengket dance performance are free of charge because it is usually presented in a cultural or arts festival.

F. Accommodation and other facilities

The Art Institute of Culture of North Sulawesi as the place of Maengket dance preservation is included in Tompaso sub-district, where in this region are available other attractions, such as Tompaso Horserace and Watu Pinawetengan. (Tunggul Tauladan)

(Said/En-trans/24/04/2012)

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Various sources

Photo credit: angelfire.com/ia/manguni/



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