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Thursday, April 19, 2018

The College Mosque of GMU

Publish 01-01-1970 07:00:00 by Admin
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A. Overview

The main function of a mosque is a place for Muslims to serve their God. However, such a concept changes through time. Today, the function is not only as a worshipping place, but also as a place for meeting and other activities, such as education and economy. The development of the concept appears in the College Mosque of Gadjah Mada University (GMU). Such a concept development is assumed to be the ideal and authentic function of a mosque as suggested by the prophet, Muhammad SAW. The implementation in the GMU College Mosque is supported by some good means and infrastructure to realize the concept of an ideal mosque.

The atmosphere is indeed so comforting because the environment which is harmoniously chic with a lot of trees, such as palm and resin, and a well taken care park. The grandiose building of the mosque with its beautiful architecture makes the mosque more convenient. Supporting facilities are utilized optimally as a place for meeting, religious studies, education, and economic activities.

Apart from the ideal concept mentioned above, the mosque now can also be a religious tour object. Plenty of beautiful spots to take a picture make it an appropriate place for tourists who like to enjoy the sensation of visiting a religious tour object minus a mystical atmosphere. Thus, it is no wonder if you find many tourists making use of every corner of the mosque to take a picture. One of the favorite spots is the gate of the mosque which is a curved portal made of stone.

Initially, there was meant to be built three curved portals. But because of the lack of fund, only one succeeded to be built and there it is up until today. The 12-meter portal which stands tall seems to be on its duty to welcome its visitors. After passing through the gate, there is a beautiful view of a pond with a fountain. In the middle of the pond, there is a carving of the verse Bismillah in Arabic.

The mosque was officially established on 21 May 1998 and was marked with the placing of the first stone by Prof. Dr. Sukanto Reksohadiprodjo, M.Com (the rector of GMU at that time). In the beginning, the committee only had Rp. 60 million. But because of the persistence of the committee and the donation from various circles, the fund was finally much enough to build a grandiose mosque which can represent the fulfillment of the concept of an ideal mosque.

The GMU College Mosque was first officially employed on 4 December 1999 or five days before 1 Ramadan 1420 H. the total of fund spent was Rp. 9,5 billion. The first and second floors altogether with the yard can accommodate 10.000 people.

The mosque was constructed with the combination of high quality local and imported materials. The main door was built high and layered with wrought irons. The walls on the right and left sides of the door was covered with ceramics from the US, India, and a little bit of local products for the mid pillar.

The floor was made of green, red, and brown marbles and ceramics. The green ceramics were from Brazil, the red ones from Batu (Malang), and the brownish ones from Korea.

The pillars were covered with ceramics and brasses. The green ceramics were from Brazil. The brasses, like the accessories on the pillars, the walls, the calligraphies, and the lamps were from Cepogo, Boyolali. The ornaments of the chamber were imitated from those of the chambers of a mosque in Iran which was redesigned by a student of architecture of GMU inspired by the shape of a bee hive.

The atmosphere, the facilities, and the continuous activities in the GMU College Mosque make it deserve to be called as the miniature of Islamic civilization. It has indeed functioned as the center of numerous activities—in terms of religion, tourism, education, or economy

B. Features

The architecture of UGM College Mosque is a mix of Al-Nabawi Mosque architecture and the styles of Chinese, Indian, and Javanese cultures. The architecture of Al-Nabawi Mosque is clearly visible in the curves of the main buildings with calligraphies which speak of the might of the Creator.

The calligraphies of the holy verses are written continuously up to the chamber. One of the verses means: “Verily my prayer, my service, my life, and my death, are only dedicated to Allah, the God of the whole universe.”

The area which was formerly a Chinese graveyard influenced the Chinese style of the architecture. Such an influence comes to appearance in the ornaments around the mosque which are dominantly red and golden which are the typical colors of Chinese culture.

The Indian style appears in the structuring of the yard that imitates the building of Taj Mahal, such as planting various kinds of trees around the mosque, building a pond with a fountain, and planting lilies upon the surface of the water.

The Javanese style influenced the structures of the main building and the dome. The shape of the dome is pyramidal, representing the traditional house of Yogyakarta whose roof is pyramidal. The height of the dome is 32 meters and the width is 21 meters. It is propped with steel. The dome itself was made of transparent polycarbonate and golden alumunium from Korea. In the middle of the room, there hang 32 brass lamps. The lamps are controlled manually or remotely to switch on and off. The weight reaches one ton.

The dome was deliberately made transparent so that the sunlight can enter the room of the mosque. The concept of combining the local and Islamic elements appears not only in GMU College Mosque, but also in Al-Markaz Mosque of Makassar, the Great Mosque of Batam, and the College Mosque of Sepuluh November Institute of Technology in Surabaya.

The whole design of the GMU College Mosque was made by an architecture student of the university. Apart from the typical ornaments, the mosque also has a 99-meter minaret. The height symbolizes the amount of Asmaul Husna (good names of the God). From the top of the minaret you can view the scenery of Yogyakarta City.

It is no argue that the grandness of the mosque is the pride for GMU people because up until today the College Mosque of GMU is still the grandest college mosque in Southeast Asia.

C. Location

The College Mosque of GMU is located in Bulaksumur, Depok, Sleman, Yogyakarta, 55281.

D. Access

You can get to the mosque by motorcycle, car, or bus. There are lots of buses that pass through the location, including those of  route number 4, 7, 10, 12, 13, 14, and 15.

E. Ticket

There is no charge forentering the College Mosque of GMU.

F. Accommodations and Other Facilities

One of the facilities available in the mosque is a meeting room which can also function as a place for discussion and other activities. Besides, the yard is very vast and is extended with a large space of parking lot.

The organizers of the mosque often hold studies of religion, one of which is that held by Jamaah Shalahuddin of the GMU College Mosque.

Other activities, either the educational, cultural, or the economic, are also occasionally conducted in the mosque. One of the activities was a photography exhibition by a British Muslim photographer, Peter Sanders, through the Embassy of Britain on 18-23 February 2008.

Economic activities also take place in the mosque. Every day there are book and accessory sales around the environment of the mosque. On Sundays, the space around the outside of the mosque is used for a weekly market, very well-known as Sunday Morning. Food, Muslim clothing, accessory, and plant stalls are open in the market.

Text: Tunggul Tauladan

Translation: Al-Amri Arif Sandy

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Photos: Collection of wisatamelayu.com



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