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Monday, February 26, 2018

Mount Lanang

Publish 01-01-1970 07:00:00 by Admin
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A. Overview

Do not ever think of Mount Lanang as just any mountain as high as 500 m above sea level, with cool air, huge trees here and there, and green surroundings. The mountain, which is situated in Bayeman area, Kulon Progo Regency, is actually a mound containing high amount of sand or like a small hill at a coastal area in which huge typical-barren-area trees grow. The placement of trees on the surrounding of the 500 m2 hill looks quite neat. There are scattered leaves which cover Astana Jingga, a yard on top of the hill used for holding certain rituals.

Also known as Astana Jingga or Badraloka Mandira, the place is more famously known as Mount Lanang. The word “lanang” is a Javanese word which means “male”. That is due to the history of the hill as a place where a nobleman from Ancient Mataram meditated.

The name Astana Jingga means a palace which radiates a yellowish red beam. And as for Badraloka Mandira, it refers to the fact that the building is made of brick and grandiose (badra). The name was given due to people’s belief that the mountain has the power of bringing good fortune or spiritual inspiration. This place is used by people to perform some ascetic practices such as tirakatan (night vigil), ruwatan (exorcism ritual), or meditation. From upon the hill, you can see the Southern Sea (Indian Ocean) which is so blue and vast stretching from east to west as if without end.

B. Features

People believe Mount Lanang has a power to bring them good fortune. It can be like good carrier or success in business. People who come for this kind of purpose are mostly from town, even outside of Yogyakarta such as Jakarta, Bandung, Semarang, Solo, and Surabaya. They are expecting to get some fortune from the sacred place. Moreover, in the yard there is a well whose water is believed to have curing power for various illnesses.

Besides being a place for meditation, there is also often held some kejawen (Javanese beliefs) rituals, especially on the night of 1 Suro. On that day, there is usually held Ruwatan Agung Tumapaking Laku Suci ceremony. In addition to the local people, many people from outside Wates come to take part in the mass ritual.

Before performing the ritual, it is suggested that the participants pass a purification process for both physical and mental called sesuci. Sesuci is done by taking water from the Tirto Kencono well to clean the face. Afterward, participants must prepare their mental in Sasana Jiwo by praying or reciting kidung pambuko, so that God will protect them throughout the ritual.

Next, they would enter Sasana Sukma and Sasana Indra which are located in Astana Jingga yard. Sasana Sukma is a Javanese-lettered stone inscription standing upright resembling a flower bud at the center of Sasana Indra. The area of Sasana Indra is bordered by a terraced pentagonal “fence” which faces south. Here, the ritual participants perform their deepest meditation in a natural tranquility with submission, full concentration, and sincerity focused on God Almighty.

Finishing meditation, the participants would go back to Sasana Jiwo to perform prayer or recite kidung panutup as an expression of gratitude to God. Often, after the mass exorcism, a puppet show is held all night long. Then next morning, the people would continue the ceremony with labuhan ritual, in which they set adrift some nail cuts, hairs, and clothes into the Southern Sea from the shore of Glagah Beach.

C. Location

Mount Lanang lies 4 km west of Glagah Beach ticket booth in Bayeman, Sindutan Village, Temon District, Kulon Progo Regency, Special Province of Yogyakarta.

D. Access

To visit Mount Lanang, first of all you must get to Glagah Beach in Temon District, Kulon Progo. You can use your own vehicle or go there by bus if departing from Yogyakarta City.

From Giwangan Bus Station in Yogyakarta, finding a bus heading for Wates is the first thing you will have to do. The bus fare is Rp 10,000 and you will get to Wates Bus Station in 45 minutes. Soon as you are in Wates Bus Station, you should change buses for Glagah. The bus trip will likely take another 15-20 minutes and cost Rp 5,000 each person (November 2008).

Meanwhile, if you take your own vehicle, from Yogyakarta you just have to head westwards through Jogja-Wates Street and take about 40 minutes. In Wates, you will easily find road signs showing the way to Glagah Beach. At the ticket booth of the beach, there stands a road sign right at the T-intersection. The sign directs you to Mount Lanang Religious Resort, which is another 4 km away.

E. Ticket

Visitors will have to pay Rp 1,500 to get to Glagah Beach Tourism Area. For those taking motorcycle, there is an additional charge of Rp 1,000 while for car is Rp 1,500 (November 2008).

There is no charge anymore after that. But it is recommended however, that visitors spare some alms for the custodian of the sacred place, Mbah Pawiro Suwito.

F. Accommodations and Other Facilities

Mbah Pawiro Suwito will guide you to perform some rituals in the sacred mountain. He will prepare the offerings and other things needed for the rituals.

You do not need to worry about inns and food stalls because Mount Lanang is close to the famous Glagah Beach. In the beach, there are hostels or cheap hotels with tariffs ranging from Rp 15,000 to Rp 25,000 a night in general. As for eating places, you will get food like nasi rames (rice mixed in with various accompanying dishes), chicken noodle, Padang food, and also seafood easily along the road to Glagah Beach.

Text: Khidir Marsanto

Translation: Reza Daffi


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