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Friday, January 19, 2018

Krumpyung Music

Publish 01-01-1970 07:00:00 by Admin
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A. Overview

Over the time, traditional music is having less and less devotee. Krumpyung, a kind of music whose one of the main instruments is bamboo, is one of them. In the battle with modernism, Krumpyung music from Kulon Progo Regency struggles to keep its existence.

If heard in a glance, the soft tone of Krumpyung music sounds as if it were played with gamelan instruments. However, if listened carefully, the gamelan-like sound does not actually come from those gamelan instruments, instead it is from a musical instrument made of bamboo. The sound resembles the sound produced by gamelan mainly for it is tuned in pentatonic scale, the special scale of Javanese gamelan. By local people, this musical set of instruments is called Krumpyung.

Krumpyung set consists of melodic musical instrument. It looks like several angklung (musical instrument consisting of suspended bamboo tubes which sound when shaken) hung on a bamboo frame and arranged in a row with the order of; 6-1-2-3-5 for the pentatonic scale or do-re-mi-fa-so-la-si-do for the diatonic scale. Perhaps the chattering sound produced when the instrument is shaken is the reason to name it krumpyung.

The instrument set consists of demung, saron, peking, bonang, kempul (small gong), gong sebul (blown gong), and gendang (drum). All the instruments are made of bamboo. Although the name of every part is similar to parts of gamelan instruments, they are different in shape. They are made is such a way so as to produce the sounds that resemble the sound produced by real gamelan instrument made of bronze.

This kind of music has been existed since Majapahit era. It was then brought to Gunungkidul area (now administratively included in the Special Province of Yogyakarta) at the time of Islamic Mataram Kingdom. It is believed that this music was then brought to West Java which then became the traditional musical instrument called angklung. The difference between angklung and krumpyung lies on the musical scale, in which krumpyung has the pentatonic scale, while angklung has the diatonic scale.

Previously, krumpyung show used to be performed in such occasions as wedding, ceremonial banquet, circumcision, or other customary ritual. It also used to accompany Tayub dance before disappearing during the Japanese occupation. It reemerged in 1973 when people started to reproduce the instrument. Recently, krumpyung music was performed before the guests and participants of UNESCO Conference held in Surakarta, December 19th 2009.

Although krumpyung music is rarely found these days, some people make use of this music to accompany Javanese traditional art performance such as encling dance, ketoprak show, and karawitan, especially in rural areas.

B. Features

Some of the special features of Krumpyung can be seen at the gong sebul whose shape is not at all round like a gong, it is instead a piece of petung bamboo (Achloa gigantea) made as long as the desired tone it want to produce. Sounding this instrument is done in a unique way by blowing it, not plucking it. That is why this is called gong sebul (in Javanese language sebul means “to blow”).

Since it uses gamelan musical scale it automatically produces pelog and slendro tones. Pelog and slendro are just like the major and minor in diatonic music. Thus, all kinds of Javanese gending can be accompanied by this instrument.

Krumpyung music was played in the International Gamelan Festival in November 2009. Previously, Indonesian and French musicians collaborated in playing krumpyung music to compose a contemporary music. This makes krumpyung music even more popular internationally. Today, there are even many people from Australia and European countries come to Yogyakarta to learn krumpyung music.

C. Location

You can enjoy krumpyung music in the area around Manoreh Hills, precisely at Hargowilis Village, Kokap District, Kulon Progo Regency, Special Province of Yogyakarta.

D. Access

To enjoy krumpyung music, tourists must travel 60 km from Yogyakarta downtown to Hargowilis. It suggested that tourists take their private vehicle because the village is very accessible and the performance is not concentrated in one area only. So, tourists can move to the other performance spot in different area after they finish watching one in a certain area.

E. Ticket

Watching the performance of krumpyung music is free of charge.

F. Accommodations and Facilities

Tourists who are also collectors of musical instrument can buy or order krumpyung instrument or other bamboo musical instrument in this village to add to their collections.

Text: Adi Tri Pramono

Translation: Apri Widiastuti

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Photo(s): Collections of wisatamelayu.com



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