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Saturday, April 21, 2018

Labuhan Alit Parangkusumo

Publish 01-01-1970 07:00:00 by Admin
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A. Overview

The existence of Yogyakarta Royal Palace makes Yogyakarta people honor the high values of culture and tradition. As a manifestation of traditional preservation, numbers of ceremonies and rituals are still performed by the people or the Royal family. Although many of the rituals and ceremonies are now merely ceremonial and have lost their true meaning, they still occupy a special place in the heart of Yogyakarta people. Therefore, in every performance, people are very enthusiastic in joining. One of the many customary ceremonies performed by the Royal family is the Labuhan.

Labuhan Alit Prangkusumo is a ritual regularly held by the Royal family at Parangkusumo Beach every 30th of Rajab (7th month of the Arabic calendar). This ritual is held to commemorate the Jumenengan Dalem (coronation) of Sri Sultan Hamengku Buwono X. At first, Labihan tradition was performed by Panembahan Senopati, the first king of Mataram, as a gratitude and homage to The South Queen and the ruler of Mount Merapi for their help in the establishment of Mataram Kingdom. This ritual is also held to commemorate the people’s merit in helping Senopati opening Alas Mentok, the future Mataram Kingdom. His next generations still preserve Labuhan tradition.

The essence of Labuhan Alit Parangkusumo ritual is the floating of tinggalan dalem (the articles belong to the Sultan) and offerings to the sea as a gift to the ruler of the Southern Sea. The articles floated are clothes, cloths, hair cut, nail cut, money, and oil which are contained in a jodhang (stretcher). After the articles are put at Parangkusumo masonry wall, they are then floated to the sea by abdi dalem (royal servants). Usually in this process, the visitors will ngalap berkah by snatching away the floated articles by throwing themselves into the sea.

Labuhan Alit ritual at Parangkusumo is the opening part of the series of the entire Labuhan ritual. Aside from Parangkusumo, the Royal family also holds Labuhan at Mount Merapi (called Labuhan Merapi), Mount Lawu and Dlepih. The four places chosen to hold Labuhan represent the four wind directions. Visitors who are also cultural observers can join the ritual for a new experience.

B. Features

Unlike Labuhan Merapi and Labuhan Lawu which are held on mountain, Labuhan Alit at Parangkusumo is held on the beach accompanied by gamelan music, the wave splash and the sea breeze. Tourists who want to follow the entire stages of Labuhan Alit Parangkusumo do not need to walk up through the wood toward the crater where the offereings are thrown, instead, they only need to follow the royal servants from the coast.

Labuhan Alit Parangkusumo usually begins with Raden Tumenggung Sumowijoyo on behalf of Sri Sultan Hamengku Buwono X giving ubo rampe (equipment) to the representative of Bantul Regency at the pendopo (hall) of Kretek District a day prior the Labuhan Alit execution. Next, the ubo rampe or the Sultan’s articles and the offerings are taken to Parangkusumo hall before they are finally taken to Parangkusumo masonry wall. The sanctified place of 15 x 15 m with two dark corals behind its wall is believed to be the meeting spot of the Sultan and the South Queen. Later in masonry wall there will be communal prayers done by facing the coral led by the caretaker.

Visitors who want to see Labuhan ritual can go straight to Parangkusumo Beach. From the beach you can see every movement of the royal servants procession carrying jodhang containing offerings and the Sultan’s properties. Arriving at the edge of the beach, the properties and offerings are floated to the sea. Then the people attending the ritual will ngalap berkah (snatch away to seize the offerings aiming at getting the blessing out of them). The ubo rampe are believed to bring fortune for anyone who get it.

For photography lovers, Labuhan Alit is a moment resourceful with photo objects. Colorful offerings carried by the royal servants wearing Javanese traditional custom, the blue background of the sky and the sea will of course be great pictures to capture. Make sure your batteries are fully charged if you do not want to miss a single moment of the ritual. After the Labuhan Alit, spend some times enjoying the beach.

C. Location

Parangkusumo Beach is situated next to Parangtritis Beach, thus, administratively at Parangtritis Subdistrict, Kretek District, Bantul Regency, Special Province of Yogyakarta.

D. Access

Located 30 kilometeres south of Yogyakarta City, Labuhan Alit at Parangkusumo Beach is accessible through the wide asphalt road. From Yogyakarta downtown, take Parangtritis Street, and after 40 minutes you will arrive at Parangtritis Subdistrict. After paying the toll fee you can turn right to Parangkusumo masonry wall.

You can also take a public transport from Giwangan Bus Station. Take the Jogja–Parangtritis bus which will take you straight to Parangtritis sub-terminal. The fare for the Jogja-Parangtritis bus is Rp 10,000 (March, 2010). Parangkusumo Beach is accessible on foot from Parangtritis Beach. Both are located side by side borderless. If the sun is in its blaze and it is too hot to walk, perhaps you want to ride the mini bendi (small two-wheeled carriage) or andong (four-wheeled carriage drawn by horses) available at Parangtritis Beach.

E. Ticket

Watching Labuhan Alit procession is free of charge. However, since the procession location is at Parangkusumo Beach then tourists are charged Rp 3,000 of entrance ticket (August, 2010). The admission charge is Rp 500 for motorcycle, Rp 1,000 for car and Rp 2,000 for tourism bus. Each person is also charged Rp 250 for insurance. So if you come by motorcycle in two, you will be charged Rp 7,000. But if you choose the public transportation, they would not have to pay for the entrance ticket.

F. Accommodations and Other Facilities

Parangkusumo Beach is one of the most favourite tourism destinations in Yogyakarta. Thus it provides supporting facilities for visitors convenience such as inns, public toilet, mosque, phone booth, food stall, and kiosks selling souvenirs. There is also the watch tower and the SAR Team who will keep the safety of the tourists.

Elizabeth Murni

Translation: Apri Widiastuti


Photos: Collections of

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