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Monday, April 23, 2018

Jethak Sidoakur

Publish 01-01-1970 07:00:00 by Admin
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A. Overview

Yen desa wisata…mas…ing Ngayogyakarta

Pasar Kranggan ngulon Jethak Sidokarto

Desa pariwisata berbasis budaya

Industri rakyate… menyan kobar… topeng munyuke

(Looking for a tourism village, young man? In Ngayogyakarta

go west from Kranggan Market

There is a cultural tourism village

The people make… bamboo wickerworks… and monkey masks…

The verse above is not a Javanese man of letter’s poem. It is a verse of tembang (Javanese song) sung in pelog scale composed to show the way to a place, Sidoakur Tourism Village.

Sidoakur Tourism Village is one of 39 tourism villages in Sleman Regency. The tourism village combines distinctive touristic, cultural, and environmental features with a well-arranged local organization system. The board of village managers involves the local people of all ages.

Sidoakur Tourism village occupies a land as vast as 38 acres. It constitutes 5 RT (neighborhood associations), 251 KK (families), and holds a population of around 1300 people.

Before becoming a tourism village, Jethak used to be an area full of plastic waste. It also lacked ground water. Efforts were then carried out by local people by participating in the Kelompencapir (group of listeners, readers, and spectators) competition very popular in early 90s. In the 1991 national competition, Jethak maintained to win General Champion title. That time, the group from Jethak used the name Sidoakur. Thus the name Sidoakur originated. Along with the success, people’s environmental awareness increased. Thereafter, people began the attempt of revitalizing the village potentials.

In 2008, the village took part in some environmental competitions and won trophies. One of the competitions that really motivated the people is the Green and Clean event held by a multinational company. In the contest, Jethak earned the title Best of the Best for Low-Populated Village category. With the success, people’s morale and self-belief became even stronger until finally by the end of 2009, it has officially become a cultural and environmental tourism village. To remember its history, the name Sidoakur is still attached on the name of the village, becoming Jethak Sidoakur Tourism Village.

B. Features

In a broad meaning, a tourism village is a countryside that has some particular characteristic to become a tourist destination. In such villages, the people preserve their tradition and culture. There are usually other supporting factors, such as agricultural system and social system which surely color the tourism villages. Apart from that, one of the most important things about a tourism village is its well-kept natural environment.

A tourism village should also have supporting facilities to provide tourists with ease during their visit. Some of them are transportation, telecommunication, health, and accommodation. As for accommodation, in particular, there are usually lodgings available.

Jethak village have all the criteria. Plus, the village offer karawitan, gejog lesung, klothekan, sholawat, mocopat, hadroh, and panembarama art performances. The people have also maintained to preserve their customs and culture. One obvious example is the people’s mutual assistance tradition which has been proven successful considering the development of the village itself.

According to Jayuri, Chief of Dukuh (Hamlet) Jethak, every development in the village is the fruit of people’s hard work. Young people, kids, and elderly have very organized and transparent communication and coordination system. Any development plans, applications, and socializations are carried out in this corridor. Andy Irawanto, the Secretary of Sidoakur Tourism Board, added that the continual cooperative work and communication make the people feel uncomfortable when they do not take part in the efforts of village development. Therefore, almost all people are involved in the work.

The village has two traditional houses which function for welcoming guests, Limasan and Joglo. The houses belong to a local resident and have been standing since 1941. They are still in their original condition just like when they were built. There have been some renovations but they do not change the original architecture of the limasan which is mostly made of hardwood.

Another specialty of the village is its environment. Since the 90s, the village has been concerned about environmental issues responded by the people with some efforts as follows:

  • Reforestation

In Jethak Sidoakur, tourists are served with green and leafy environment all across the village. The village has some green spaces used for gathering or research. Beside that, the spaces can also bring in economical advantage because the trees planted in there can be sold once it is time.

  • Household Trash and Waste Management

In this village, awareness of the importance of garbage management has taken root so deep among the people. Everyone has enough knowledge to separate organic trash from the inorganic one. For that reason, it is by no means weird to see two kinds of trash bins there.

Tourists can also observe the trash recycling process. Every family in this village has a trash “saving” which is deposited every Sunday. People really get cash out of it. As trash is piled up, it will be sold again to numbers runners to be later recycled into various useful products.

Some of the trash is recycled by the people themselves. They make handicrafts out of plastic wastes, such as bag, pencil case, sandal, and wallet. They also make something of organic trash like coconut shell, for example, to make topeng munyuk (monkey mask). Moreover, the village produces charcoal briquette. Thirty briquettes of charcoals can combust for 1.5 hours with blue fire like the one of LPG.

What is more is that the village also produces a special handicraft, which is becoming rarer these days, i.e. menyan kobar. Menyan kobar is bamboo wickerwork used as mat, ceiling, wall, or mere decorative items.

The whole process of waste management and handicrafts making involves the village people, especially the young.

The recycling process does not stop at that point though, for some cases it is followed with biogas production. Sidoakur has sanimas  (sanitasi masyarakat), people’s sanitation system. One of the products of the system is the MCK Plus, special bathrooms. Household waste contained in the MCK Plus will then be flowed to an underground tube, which will automatically turn the gas the waste produce into methane. This methane gas is distributed through tubes for biogas fuel. Despite the fact that this kind of fuel is yet to be used in massive consumption, people can already see that this method of waste recycling is truly useful.

  • SPAH (Sistem Penyimpanan Air Hujan/Rainwater Storage System)

SPAH is an anticipative step people do to avoid water scarcity like what happened in the 90s. The SPAH is done in two steps, first, using bio-pores system and two, using absorbing well. Bio-pores are holes as deep as 1.5 meters under the ground. Through the holes, rainwater is channeled to the absorbing well. Now people can already pick the fruits of their work. They never undergo any drought, not even in dry season.

  • Organic agriculture and fishery

Organic agricultural system is the latest environment management system applied by Jethak village. This system is based on organic seeds, fertilizer, and pesticide produced by processing waste and natural seeding. With the system, the village people, who are mostly farmers, can produce rice that may last longer after cook (until 3 days). Above all, the usage of organic fertilizer is economically good for the farmers.

If compared to chemical fertilizer, organic fertilizer costs less. Both liquid and solid fertilizers are produced through organic waste, liquid waste, and coconut water composting. The process results in compounds N (nitrogen), P (Phosphate), and K (Potassium) in higher doses. Unlike the chemical one, this organic fertilizer is environment-friendly.

C. Location

Sidoakur Tourism Village is situated 22 km south of Sleman Regency. More precisely, it lies in Sidokarto Village, Godean District, Sleman Regency, Yogyakarta.

D. Access

From downtown, Malioboro for example, you can take a route-15 bus and get off in Godean. But if you are taking your own vehicle, you can go straight to Sidoakur by going southwestwards from Tugu to Sidokarto Village. Sidoakur is situated in this village.  

E. Ticket

There is no admission charge to Sidoakur Tourism Village. But if you want to learn more about the environmental, cultural or also handicraft works, you will need to stay in the guesthouses available. Each person has only Rp 50,000 to pay for one day and one night stay and accesses to all features of the tourism village which lies 22 km south of the center of Sleman Regency, including breakfast, lunch, and dinner. If coming in group and not going for an overnight visit, tourists can contact the village secretariat to discuss about accommodation.

F. Accommodations and Other Facilities

Aside from the uniqueness, a tourism village must have other facilities to support its status of being a tourism object. Those facilities shall provide comfort for tourists during their trip. Jethak Sidoakur Tourism Village has so far provided transportation, telecommunication, health clinic, and some other facilities. As for accommodation, the tourism board of the village has had some guesthouses and inns for tourists to stay.

The unique and easy-access tourism and people’s hospitality are what make recommend people to visit Jethak Sidoakur tourism village. The feeling and experience tourists will certainly get in this village is illustrated well in this people’s macapat lyrics:

Jogja bangkit…guyub rukun golong gilig maju

Gumregah bersatu-Desa Wisataku daerahku… sesantine

Resikan lingkungane… sarwo ijo… tandurane…

(Long live Jogja… the people are warm, peaceful, working together for a better life…

My tourism village, my home…

Its environment is clean… the plants are green… )

Adi Tri Pramono

Translation: Reza Daffi


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